Basic Mates

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The header is not talking about some normal friends, but basic-level checkmates. They have got to be learned at early stage of chess learning, since it’s the key to winning the game. Like in shooting guns, if you can’t hit the target from a really close distance, you have no chance to hit it from longer distance. Similarly, these basic mates have got to be learned to get to more advanced stuff.

Queen Mate

A queen and king vs a king is an easy win to the side with the queen. You just restrict the king’s area until he can move only 2 squares, and then our own the king comes in to assist for the kill. However, you have got to be careful with restricting the king’s area to only one square, because if the king can’t move, but he’s not in check, it’s a stalemate and a draw.

Here’s an example on the mate:

111

1.Qf3 Kc5 2.Qe4 Kb5 3.Qd4 Kc6 4.Qe5 Kb7 5.Qd6 Ka7 6.Qb4 Ka6 7.Kf2 Ka7 8.Ke3 Ka6 9.Kd4 Ka7 10.Kc5 Ka8 11.Kc6 Ka7 12.Qb7#

Rook Mate

King and a rook mate a lone king also quite easily. The king however has got to come earlier to assist the rook to restrict the area of the other king. It can be tricky, but with some practice you can learn to do it easily.

Here’s an example on the mate:

11

1.Rd1 Kf3 2.Rd2 Ke3 3.Rd8 Ke2 4.Kg2 Ke3 5.Re8+ Kd4 6.Kf2 Kd3 7.Re7 Kd4 8.Kf3 Kd5 9.Kf4 Kc5 10.Rd7 Kc6 11.Rd1 Kc5 12.Ke4 Kb4 13.Rc1 Kb5 14.Kd4 Kb6 15.Kd5 Kb7 16.Kd6 Kb6 17.Rb1+ Ka5 18.Kc6 Ka4 19.Rb8 Ka3 20.Kc5 Ka4 21.Rb7 Ka3 22.Kc4 Ka2 23.Kc3 Ka1 24.Kc2 Ka2 25.Ra7#

Two Bishops Mate

You can’t checkmate with one bishop, but two bishops do the job.  Like in the previous mates you restrict the area of the king until you mate him. You must use the king effectively.

Here’s an example on the mate:

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1.Bd3 Kd6 2.Be4 Ke5 3.Bg2 Kf5 4.Kf2 Ke6 5.Ke3 Kf7 6.Bh2 Kg7 7.Bh3 Kf6 8.Bg3 Kf7 9.Bh4 Kg6 10.Bg4 Kg7 11.Kf4 Kg6 12.Ke5 Kf7 13.Bh5+ Kg7 14.Bg5 Kh8 15.Kf6 Kg8 16.Bg6 Kh8 17.Bh6 Kg8 18.Be4 Kh8 19.Kg6 Kg8 20.Bd5+ Kh8 21.Bg7#

Bishop and Knight Mate

Two knights can’t checkmate a king unless your opponent screws up. A bishop and a knight however can force a checkmate, but it’s a super hard one, and a beginner or an intermediate shouldn’t probably waste their energy to learn this one. The 50-move rule could save the lone king to a draw, if the opponent hasn’t trained the mate. I myself haven’t mastered the mate before this, because it doesn’t occur very often. You should train the mate at higher level though, because otherwise you could be busted, if you get the position in a game.

Here’s an example on the mate:

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1.Kb2 Kd3 2.Nc7 Kc4 3.Ne6 Kd5 4.Nd4 Kc4 5.Kc2 Kb4 6.Kd3 Kc5 7.Bh2 Kd5 8.Nb3 Kc6 9.Kc4 Kb6 10.Nc5 Kc6 11.Na4 Kb7 12.Kb5 Kc8 13.Kc6 Kd8 14.Kd6 Kc8 15.Nb6+ Kb7 16.Kc5 Ka6 17.Kc6 Ka5 18.Bd6 Ka6 19.Bb8 Ka5 20.Nd5 Ka4 21.Kc5 Kb3 22.Nb4 Kc3 23.Bf4 Kb3 24.Be5 Ka4 25.Kc4 Ka5 26.Bc7+ Ka4 27.Nd3 Ka3 28.Bb6 Ka4 29.Nb2+ Ka3 30.Kc3 Ka2 31.Kc2 Ka3 32.Bc5+ Ka2 33.Nd3 Ka1 34.Bd6 Ka2 35.Nc1+ Ka1 36.Be5#

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